Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health

Duties of Occupier

Duties of Occupier under Factories Act, 1948


  • To ensure the health, safety and welfare of all workers while they are at work in the factory.
  • To provide and maintain the plant and systems of work in the factory that are safe and without risk to health of the workers.
  • To provide arrangements in the factory for ensuring safety and absence of risk to health in connection with the use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances
  • To provide such information, instruction, training and supervision as are necessary to ensure the health and safety of all workers at work.
  • To maintain all places of work in the factory in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and to provide and maintain such means of access to, and egress from, such places as are safe and without such risks.
  • To provide, maintain or monitor such working environment in the factory for the workers that is safe , without risk to health and adequate as regards facilities and arrangements for their welfare at work.
  • To prepare a written statement of his general policy with respect to the health and safety of the workers at work and the organisation and arrangements in force for carrying out that policy.


  • To provide a clean, well ventilated, well illuminated healthy working environment to all workers, to provide adequate drinking water & facilities like latrines, urinals etc.
  • To maintain and monitor health of all workers by providing them a healthy , clean, dust/chemical free working environment, by providing them suitable personal protective wears, by carrying out medical examination, by monitoring the work environment etc.


  • To provide welfare facilities like lunch rooms, canteen, crèche, washing facilities , first-aid appliances etc to all workers.

Working Hours

  • To provide leave with wages facility, to pay overtime wages, to observe working timing restrictions regarding all workers.
  • Not to employ child workers in the factory.


  • To provide safe working environment to all workers by providing proper safeguards to dangerous parts of machines , by training the workers in safe operating procedures, by providing adequate information about the hazardous properties of the chemicals and process, by providing proper safety systems in the plant such as pressure / temp. Controllers, interlocks, safety valves, by providing flameproof electrical fitting in case of handling of flammable chemicals etc.
  • To get the lifting machines, tackles and pressure plants examined by a competent person, to provide proper fire fighting arrangements etc.

Hazardous or MAH factories

  • Occupier of the factory involving a hazardous process shall disclose all the information regarding dangers, including health hazards and the measures to overcome such hazards.
  • To maintain accurate and up-to-date health record of the workers, to form a safety committee, to carry out safety studies such as safety report, safety audit, risk analysis etc., to prepare a on site emergency control plan.

for details , please refer the Provisions of Factories Act 1948 and Maharashtra Factories Rules 1963.

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